Scientific Publications

photo of diver
Diver swims over Cordell Bank. © 2013 Robert Lee

Bibliography of work conducted within Cordell Bank National Marine Sanctuary

Journal Articles

Hanna, G.D. 1952. Geology of the continental slope off central California. Proceedings of California Academy of Science 27:325-374.

Lipps, J.H. 1965. Revision of the foraminiferal family Pseudoparrellidae Voloshinova. Tulane Studies in Geology 3:117-147.

DeLaca, T.E. and J.H. Lipps. 1972. The mechanism and adaptive significance of attachment and substrate pitting in the foraminiferan Rosalina globularis d'Orbigny. Journal of Foraminifera Research 2:68-72.

Schmieder, R.W. 1980. Intermediate forms and range extension ofPedicularia californica and Pedicularia ovuliformis. Veliger 22(4):382-384.

Lee, W.L. 1987. Guitarra abbotti and G. isabellae, new sponges from the eastern Pacific. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington. Washington DC. Vol. 100, no. 3, pp. 465-479

Schmieder, R. W. 1987. Terraces, tilting, and topography of Cordell Bank. California Geology 40(11):258-264.

Eldridge, M.B., J.A. Whipple, M.J. Bowers, B.M. Jarvis, J. Gold. 1991. Reproductive performance of yellowtail rockfish, Sebastes flavidus. Environmental Biology of Fishes 30(1-2):91-102.

Bowers, M.J. 1992. Annual reproductive-cycle of oocytes and embryos of yellowtail rockfish Sebastes flavidus (family Scorpaenidae). Fishery Bulletin 90(2):231-242.

Okihiro, M.S., J.A. Whipple, J.M. Groff, and D.E. Hinton. 1992. Chromatophoromas and related hyperplastic lesions in Pacific rockfish (Sebastes spp). Marine Environmental Research 34 (1-4):53-57.

Okihiro, M.S., J.A. Whipple, J.M. Groff, and D.E. Hinton. 1993. Chromatophoromas and related hyperplasia in Pacific rockfish(Sebastes spp). Cancer Research 53(8):1761-1769.

MacFarlane, R.B., E.C. Norton, and M.J. Bowers. 1993. Lipid dynamics in relation to the annual reproductive-cycle in yellowtail rockfish (Sebastes flavidus). Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 50 (2):391-401.

Norton, E.C., R.B. MacFarlane. 1995. Nutritional dynamics of reproduction in viviparous yellowtail rockfish, Sebastes flavidus. Fishery Bulletin 93(2):299-307.

Gosliner, T.M. and D.W. Behrens. 1996. Two new species of nudibranch mollusks from the Gulf of the Farallones and Cordell Bank National Marine Sanctuaries, central California. Veliger 39(4):348-353.

Chin, J.L., H.A. Karl, and N.M. Maher. 1997. Shallow subsurface geology of the continental shelf of the Farallones, California, and its relationship to surficial seafloor characteristics. Marine Geology 137:251-269.

Wing, S.R., L.W. Botsford, S.V. Ralston, J.L. Largier. 1998. Meroplanktonic distribution and circulation in a coastal retention zone of the northern California upwelling system. Limnology and Oceanography 43(7):1710-1721.

Yen, P.P.W., W.J. Sydeman, and K.D. Hyrenbach. 2004. Marine bird and cetacean associations with bathymetric habitats and shallow-water topographies: implications for trophic transfer and conservation. Journal of Marine Systems 50 (1-2):79-99.

Dorman, J.G., S.M. Bollens, A.M. Slaughter. 2005. Population biology of euphausiids off northern California and effects of short time-scale wind events on Euphasia pacifica. Marine Ecology Progress Series 288:183-198.

Kaplan, D.M., J. Largier, L.W. Botsford. 2005. HF radar observations of surface circulation off Bodega Bay (northern California, USA). Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans 110 (C10): Art. No. C10020 Oct 18 2005.

Hyrenbach K.D., C. Keiper, S.G. Allen, D.G. Ainley, and D.J. Anderson. 2006. Use of marine sanctuaries by far-ranging predators: commuting flights to the California Current System by breeding Hawaiian albatrosses. Fisheries Oceanography 15 (2): 95-103.

Iampietro, P.J., M.A. Young and R.G. Kvitek. 2008. Multivariate prediction of rockfish habitat suitability in Cordell Bank National Marine Sanctuary and Del Monte Shalebeds, California, USA. Marine Geodesy 31(4):359-371.

Jahncke, J., B.L. Saenz, C.L. Abraham, C. Rintoul, R.W. Bradley, W.J. Sydeman. 2008. Ecosystem responses to short-term climate variability in the Gulf of the Farallones, California. Progress in Oceanography 77:182-193.

Anderson, T.J., C. Syms, D.A. Roberts, D.F. Howard. 2009. Multi-scale fish-habitat associations and the use of habitat surrogates to predict the organisation and abundance of deep-water fish assemblages. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 379(1-2): 34-42.

Storlazzi, C.D., and J.A. Reid. 2010. The influence of El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) cycles on wave-driven sea-floor sediment mobility along the central California continental margin. Continental Shelf Research 30(14): 1582-1599. 

Young, M.A., P. J. Iampietro, R.G. Kvitek, and C.D. Garza. 2010. Multivariate bathymetry-derived generalized linear model accurately predicts rockfish distribution on Cordell Bank, California, USA. Marine Ecology Progress Series 415:247-261. 

Michael, P.E., K.D. Hyrenbach, J. Jahncke. 2013. Balancing act: relative influence of static and dynamic features on black-footed albatross habitat use in central California Sanctuaries. Fisheries Oceanography. doi: 10.1111/fog.12039 

McGowan, J., E. Hines, M. Elliott, J. Howar, N. Nur, J. Jahncke. 2013. Using habitat modeling to inform ocean zoning within Central California’s National Marine Sanctuaries. PLoS ONE. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0071406 

Technical Reports

Barnes, B.B. 1971. A unique acoustic tracking technique applicable to dragline dredge sampling at sea. NOAA Technical Memorandum ERL MMTC. No. 2, 39pp.

NOAA. 1985. Descriptive Report; Cordell Bank Survey, Field Number DA-20-1-85, Register Number B-16, U.S. Department of Commerce, NOAA, National Ocean Service.

Kruse, W.A. and R.W. Schmieder. 1986. Images of the proposed Cordell Bank National Marine Sanctuary. NOAA Technical Report Series OCRM/SPD, 11pp.

Hall, Robert K., A.Y. Ota, N.M. Maher, G.L. Gabel. 1992. The use of geographical information systems (GIS) to facilitate ocean site designation for disposal of harbor dredged materials. U.S. Geological Survey Circular, Report: C 1092, pp. 137-143.

Eldridge, M.B. 1994. Hook-and-line fishing study at Cordell Bank, California, 1986-1991. NOAA Technical Memorandum, NOAA-TM-NMFS-SWFSC-197, 24pp.

Airamé, S., S. Gaines, and C. Caldow. 2003. Ecological Linkages: Marine and Estuarine Ecosystems of Central and Northern California. NOAA, National Ocean Service. Silver Spring, MD. 164 pp.

Stumpf, R., S. Dunham, L. Ojanen, A. Richardson, T. Wynne, and K. Holderied. 2005. Characterization and monitoring of temperature, chlorophyll, and light availability patterns in National Marine Sanctuary Waters: Final Report. NOAA Technical Memorandum NOS NCCOS 13. NOAA/NOS/NCCOS/CCMA, Silver Spring, MD. 48 pp.

Scholz, A., C. Steinback, S. Klain, and A. Boone. 2005. Socioeconomic profile of fishing activities and communities associated with the Gulf of the Farallones and Cordell Bank National Marine Sanctuaries. 122 pp.

NOAA National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science (NCCOS) 2007. A Biogeographic Assessment off North/Central California: In Support of the National Marine Sanctuaries of Cordell Bank, Gulf of the Farallones and Monterey Bay. Phase II - Environmental Setting and Update to Marine Birds and Mammals. Prepared by NCCOS's Biogeography Branch, R.G. Ford Consulting Co. and Oikonos Ecosystem Knowledge, in cooperation with the National Marine Sanctuary Program. Silver Spring, MD. NOAA Technical Memorandum NOS NCCOS 40. 240 pp.

Storlazzi, C.D., J.A. Reid, and N.E. Golden. 2007. Wave-driven spatial and temporal variability in sea-floor sediment mobility in the Monterey Bay, Cordell Bank, and Gulf of the Farallones National Marine Sanctuaries. USGS Scientific Investigations Report 2007-5233. 61 pp.

de Marignac, J., J. Hyland, J. Lindholm, A. DeVogelaere, W.L. Balthis, and D. Kline. 2008. A comparison of seafloor habitats and associated benthic fauna in areas open and closed to bottom trawling along the central California continental shelf. Marine Sanctuaries Conservation Series ONMS-09-02. U.S. Department of Commerce, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Office of National Marine Sanctuaries, Silver Spring, MD. 44 pp.

Office of National Marine Sanctuaries 2009. Cordell Bank National Marine Sanctuary Condition Report 2009. U.S. Department of Commerce, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Office of National Marine Sanctuaries, Silver Spring, MD. 64 pp. (35.7M pdf)

Largier, J.L., B.S. Cheng, and K.D. Higgason, editors. 2010.Climate Change Impacts: Gulf of the Farallones and Cordell Bank National Marine Sanctuaries. 121pp. (3.5M pdf) Report of a Joint Working Group of the Gulf of the Farallones and Cordell Bank National Marine Sanctuaries Advisory Councils. Download theExecutive Summary of the Report (252k pdf).

Hyrenbach, D., M. Hester, J. Adams, P. Michael, C. Vanderlip, C. Keiper, M. Carver. 2012. Synthesis of Habitat Use by Black-footed Albatross tracked from Cordell Bank National Marine Sanctuary (2004-2008) and Kure Atoll Seabird Sanctuary (2008). 41 pp. 

Joint Working Group on Vessel Strikes and Acoustic Impacts. 2012.Vessel Strikes and Acoustic Impacts. Report of a Joint Working Group of Gulf of the Farallones and Cordell Bank National Marine Sanctuaries Advisory Councils. 43 pp.

Joint Working Group on Vessel Spill Response Technologies. 2010.Vessel Spill Response Technologies. A Report of a Joint Working Group of Gulf of the Farallones and Cordell Bank National Marine Sanctuaries Advisory Councils. 80 pp. 

Graiff, K., and D. Lipski, 2016, Benthic Community Characterization of the Upper Reefs of Cordell Bank, Cordell Bank National Marine Sanctuary.  31 pp.

Lipski, D., 2016, Report from the Workshop on Benthic Sampling at Cordell Bank National Marine Sanctuary. NOAA Cordell Bank National Marine Sanctuary. 13 pp.


Graiff, K., D. Lipski, P. Etnoyer, G. Cochrane, G. Williams, E. Salgado. 2016 Benthic Characterization of Deep-Water Habitat in the Newly Expanded Areas of Cordell Bank and Greater Farallones National Marine Sanctuaries. .Marine Sanctuaries Conservation Series ONMS-16-01. U.S. Department of Commerce, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Office of National Marine Sanctuaries, Silver Spring, MD. 38 pp.


Dissertations and Theses

Kieckhefer, T.R. 1992. Feeding ecology of humpback whales in continental shelf waters near Cordell Bank, California. M.S. Thesis, Moss Landing Marine Laboratories, San Jose State Unversity. 86 pp.

Pirtle, J.L. 2005. Habitat-based assessment of structure-forming megafaunal invertebrates and fishes on Cordell Bank, California. M.S. Thesis, Washington State University. 64 pp. (1.3M pdf)

Young, M. 2007. Modeling rockfish abundance and distribution on Cordell Bank National Marine Sanctuary, California. Capstone Project, California State University, Monterey Bay. 88 pp.


Michael, P. 2011. Modeling the dispersion and habitat associations of Black-footed Albatross in Central California National Marine Sanctuaries M.S Thesis. Hawaii Pacific University. 

McGowan, J. 2013. Seabird hot spots and human activities in Cordell Bank and Gulf of the Farallones National Marine Sanctuary, central California. M.S Thesis, San Francisco State University. 

Dransfield, A. 2013. Using habitat modeling of humpback whales to inform marine spatial planning in Cordell Bank and Gulf of the Farallones National Marine Sanctuary, central California. M.S Thesis, San Francisco State University. 

Fontana, R. 2013. Fronts: location, persistence, and associated biological activity off the coast of northern California. PhD Thesis, University of California Davis (Bodega Marine Laboratory). 

Conference Proceedings

Schmieder, R.W. 1985. The Expeditions to Cordell Bank. Proc. Joint International Scientific Diving Symposium, La Jolla, California, Oct. 31-November 3, 1985.

Kruse, W.A. and R.W. Schmieder. 1986. High resolution graphic images of EEZ data: Cordell Bank, California. Proc.Fourth Working Symp. Oceanographic Data Systems, Univ. Calif. San Diego, February 4-6, 1986, pp. 4-13.

Roletto, J., D. Howard, C. Brown. 1998. Meaningful marine monitoring: The three R's to responsible stewardship. Taking a Look at California's Ocean Resources: An Agenda for the Future. Vol. 2, Magoon, OR; Converse, H; Baird, B; Miller-Henson, M (eds) pp. 1338-1347.

Anderson, T.J., D.A. Roberts, D. Howard. 2007. The distribution, abundance, and habitat relationships of deep-water demersal fishes in the Cordell Bank National Marine Sanctuary (CBNMS), USA: Abstract #019. p222-223. In: First International Marine Protected Areas Congress, 23-27 October 2005, Conference Proceedings: IMPAC1 2005, Geelong, Victoria, Australia. p665. (4.8M pdf)

Presentations and Posters

Powell, C.L., M. McGann, D.A. Trimble. 1992. Molluscan and formainiferal evidence of a late Pleistocene sea level lowstand at Cordell Bank, Central California. Eos, Transactions, American Geophysical Union 73 (43), Suppl: 273-274, 27 Oct. 1992.

Vance, T.C., N. Merati, C. Moore, and C. Alexander. 2003. VRML-based visualization of GIS data for a Marine Sanctuary. AMS International Conference on Interactive Information and Processing Systems (IIPS) for Meteorology, Oceanography and Hydrology [AMS Int. Conf. Interact. Inf. Process. Sys. Meteorol. Oceanogr. Hydrol.]. Vol. 19.

Roberts, D.A., T.J. Anderson, and D. Howard. 2004. Fish-habitat relationships at Cordell Bank (California) National Marine Sanctuary. Western Groundfish Conference, Victoria, British Columbia. Poster presentation. (1.4M pdf)

Pirtle, J.L., B.N. Tissot, D.A. Roberts, and D. Howard. 2004.Habitat-based assessment of megafaunal invertebrates and fish on Cordell Bank, California-Invertebrates as living components of benthic habitat. Western Society of Naturalists. Rohnert Park, CA. Oral presentation. (1.5M pdf)

Anderson, T.J., D.A. Roberts, and D. Howard. 2005. Deep-water groundfishes of Cordell Bank: the establishment of a baseline monitoring program. IMPAC Marine Protected Area Conference, Geelong, Australia. Oral presentation. (4.8M pdf)

Pyle, P., M. Carver, C. Keiper, B. Becker, D. Howard. 2005. Cordell Bank Ocean Monitoring Program (CBOMP). Sanctuary Currents symposium. Monterey, CA. Poster presentation. (596k pdf)

Pirtle, J.L., B.N. Tissot, D.A. Roberts, and D. Howard. 2005. Structure-forming invertebrates as components of benthic habitat for rockfish (Sebastes) on Cordell Bank, California. American Fisheries Society. Anchorage, AK. Oral presentation.

Pirtle, J.L., B.N. Tissot, D.A. Roberts, and D. Howard. 2005.Habitat-based assessment of structure-forming megafaunal invertebrates and fishes on Cordell Bank, California: Invertebrates as living components of benthic habitat. Western Society of Naturalists. Monterey, CA. Oral presentation.(664k pdf)

Douros, W., C. Mobley, M. Brown, D. Howard, H. Price. 2005. Hard bottoms, soft bottoms, and the conservation science plan at Cordell Bank National Marine Sanctuary. California and the World Ocean Conference, Long Beach, CA. Oral presentation. (2.1M pdf)

Roberts, D.A. and T. Anderson. 2006. Seafloor mapping as a foundation for resource conservation at Cordell Bank National Marine Sanctuary. California and the World Ocean Conference, Long Beach, CA. Oral presentation. (3.5M pdf)

Etherington, L., P. Pyle, M. Carver. 2007. Seabird abundance at Cordell Bank,CA associated with changes in regional oceanographic conditions. Pacific Seabird Group Meeting, Pacific Grove, CA. Oral presentation. (1.1M pdf)

Young, M., R. Kvitek, and P. Iampietro. 2008. Multivariate Landscape Model Prediction of Rockfish Abundance and Distribution in Cordell Bank National Marine Sanctuary, California, USA. Western Groundfish Meeting, Santa Cruz, CA. Oral presentation.

Stafford, D., S. Berkeley, S. Sogard, S. Parker, G. Cailliet. 2008. Influence of maternal age on larval quality and timing of parturition in shelf and slope. Western Groundfish Meeting, Santa Cruz, CA. Oral presentation.

Etherington, L., P. van der Leeden, D. Roberts. 2008.Explorations of cold-water coral-habitat relationships on Cordell Bank, CA using submersible visual data and multibeam sonar data. GeoHab Meeting, Sitka, AK. Oral presentation. (4.2M pdf)

Jahncke, J., M.L. Elliott, B.L. Saenz, R. Bradley, C.L. Abraham. 2008. Planktivorous seabird responses to variability in coastal upwelling in California. The North Pacific Marine Science Organization (PICES). Dalian, People's Republic of China. Oral presentation.

Fontana, R.E., J.L. Largier, J.Jahncke. 2009. Patterns of frontal formation over the northern California shelf. Western Society of Naturalists Meeting, Monterey, CA. Poster presentation.

Roberts, D. 2010. Temporal trends in fish size, abundance, and recruitment during a four-year time period at Cordell Bank National Marine Sanctuary. Western Groundfish Meeting. Juneau, AK. Poster presentation. 

Jahncke, J., J.E. Roth, R.W. Bradley, M. Elliott, P. Warzybok. 2010. Ocean processes influencing seabird and their prey in the Gulf of the Farallones. Pacific Seabird Group 37th Annual Meeting, Long Beach, CA. Oral Presentation 

Karnovsky, N.J., E.M. Caves, P. Warzybok, R.W. Bradley, M.L. Elliot, B.L. Saenz, C. Chang, J. Jahncke. In pursuit of plankton: the foraging behavior of Cassin's auklets in the Gulf of the Farallones. Pacific Seabird Group 37th Annual Meeting, Long Beach, CA. Oral Presentation. 

Fontana, R.E., J.L. Largier, J. Jahncke. 2010. Patterns of ocean frontal formation over the Northern California shelf. American Society of Limnology and Oceanography (ASLO), The Oceanography Society (TOS), American Geophysical Union (AGU); 2010 Ocean Sciences Meeting, Portland, OR. Poster Presentation. 

Jahncke, J., M.L. Elliott, R.W. Bradley, P. Warzybok. 2010. Ecosystem responses to variability in coastal upwelling. 2010 Sanctuary Current Symposium: Voices of Hope: Science and Innovation for the Ocean, Monterey, CA. Poster Presentation. 

Jahncke, J., M.L. Elliott, R.W. Bradley, P. Warzybok. 2010. Applied California Current Ecosystem Studies. 2010 Sanctuary Current Symposium: Voices of Hope: Science and Innovation for the Ocean, Monterey, CA. Poster Presentation. 

Fontana, R.E., J.L. Largier, J. Jahncke. 2010. Fronts in California upwelling ecosystems: predictability based on temperature and salinity patterns. 2010 NSF GK-12 Annual Meeting, Washington, DC. Poster Presentation. 

Michael, P., K.D. Hyrenbach, L. Etherington, J. Jahncke. 2010. Describing dispersion and habitat associations of Black-footed Albatross in central California marine sanctuaries. First World Seabird Conference, Victoria, Canada. Poster Presentation. 

Warzybok, P., N. Karnovsky, R.W. Bradley, E. Caves, M.L. Elliott, J. Jahncke. 2010. Working hard to get their krill: Cassin's Auklets increase foraging effort when krill densities are low in the Gulf of the Farallones, California. First World Seabird Conference, Victoria, Canada. Oral Presentation. 

Fontana, R.E., J. Largier, J. Jahncke. 2010. Coastal oceanographic fronts off Northern California: patterns, predictability, biological importance. California and the World Ocean 2010, San Francisco, CA. Oral Presentation. 

Robinette, D., J. Jahncke. Looking Outside the Box: MPA Management Must Consider Regional Biophysical Processes. California and the World Ocean 2010, San Francisco, CA. Oral Presentation. 

Elliott, M.L., R.W. Bradley, P. Warzybok, J. Jahncke. 2010. Ecosystem responses to variability in coastal upwelling in central California. California and the World Ocean 2010, San Francisco, CA. Poster Presentation. 

Elliott, M.L., M. Galbraith, D. Mackas, J. Jahncke. 2010. Copepod assemblages as indicators of ocean conditions in Central California. North Pacific Marine Science Organization 2010 Annual Meeting, Portland, OR. Oral Presentation. 

Fontana, R.E., J. Largier, J. Jahncke. 2010. Coastal oceanographic fronts off Northern California: patterns, predictability, biological importance. Western Society of Naturalists 2010 Annual Meeting, San Diego, CA. Oral Presentation. 

Elliott, M.L., M. Galbraith, D. Mackas, J. Jahncke. 2010. Copepod assemblages as indicators of ocean conditions in Central California. California Cooperative Oceanic Fisheries Investigations (CalCOFI) 2010 Conference, La Jolla, CA. Oral Presentation. 

Roberts, D. 2010. Temporal trends in fish size, abundance, and recruitment during a four-year time period at Cordell Bank National Marine Sanctuary. Western Groundfish Meeting. Juneau, AK.Poster presentation

Graiff, K., D. Howard, and B. Van Syoc. 2011. Re-discovering Cordell Bank: Technical dive expedition 30 years later.Beyond the Golden Gate Research Symposium, San Francisco, CA. Poster presentation. 

Graiff, K., D. Roberts, and D. Howard. 2011. A first look at deep-sea corals and sponges on the continental slope west of Cordell Bank, California. Western Society of Naturalists, Vancouver, WA. Poster presentation. 

Cruise Reports

2002 R/V Velero Delta submersible cruise report. Cordell Bank habitat characterization and biological assessments.

2006 R/V Fulmar Marine debris cruise report. Derelict fishing gear in Cordell Bank National Marine Sanctuary: Surveys, removal protocol development, and removal Feasibility assessment.

2007 R/V Fulmar Camera sled cruise report. Characterization of soft bottom biological communities and habitats of Cordell Bank National Marine Sanctuary.

2007 NOAA Ship McArthur II cruise report. Distribution and abundance of marine birds, mammals and zooplankton relative to the physical oceanography of the Gulf of the Farallones and Cordell Bank

2008 NOAA Ship McArthur II cruise report Distribution and abundance of marine birds,mammals and zooplankton relative to the physical oceanography of the Gulf of the Farallones and Cordell Bank

2008 R/V Fulmar Marine debris cruise report. Derelict fishing gear in Cordell Bank National Marine Sanctuary: Surveys, removal protocol development, and removal Feasibility assessment.

2009 NOAA Ship Okeanos Explorer. Habitat characterization: Cordell Bank and Gulf of The Farallones National Marine Sanctuaries Expansion Area.

2010 R/V Fulmar SCUBA cruise report. Re-discovering Cordell Bank: Dive expedition 30 years later.

2010 R/V McArthur II ROV cruise report. Deep sea coral and benthic habitat surveys in Cordell Bank and Gulf of the Farallones National Marine Sanctuaries. 

Other Reports

Schmieder, R.W. 1979. Cordell Bank Expedition 1977-78 - A Visit to a long-lost island. Preliminary Report, 61pp.
Schmieder, R.W. 1979. Cordell Bank Expedition 1977-78. Final Report, 92pp.

Schmieder, R.W. 1980. Cordell Bank Expedition 1979. Preliminary Report, 54pp.

Schmieder, R.W. 1980. Cordell Bank Expedition 1979. Final Report, 53pp.

Schmieder, R.W. 1981. Cordell Bank Expedition 1980. Preliminary Report, 163pp.

Schmieder, R.W. 1982. Cordell Bank Expedition 1980. Final Report, 51pp.

Schmieder, R.W. 1982. A Preliminary summary of knowledge of Cordell Bank, California, 53pp.

Schmieder, R.W. 1983. Preliminary Report on the 1983 Cordell Bank Expeditions, 64pp.

Webber, M.A. and S.M. Cooper. 1983. Autumn sightings of marine mammals and birds near Cordell Bank, California, 1981-82. Published by Cordell Bank Expeditions, Walnut Creek, CA, 43pp.

Schmieder, R.W. 1985. Cordell Bank Expeditions, 1978-1979. National Geographic Society Research Reports 20:603-611.

Ehler, R., V.R. Leeworthy, P.C. Wiley. 2003. A Socioeconomic overview of the northern and central coastal California counties as they relate to marine related industries and activities. 31pp.

Pyle, P., B. Becker, C.Keiper, M. Carver, D. Howard. 2005. Cordell Bank Ocean Monitoring Project (CBOMP): Goals, methodology, and 2004 results. 17pp. (684k pdf)

Pyle, P., M. Carver, L. Etherington. 2008. Methodology for debris monitoring during at-sea observation programs in West Coast National Marine Sanctuaries. Final report to NOAA Marine Debris Program. 8pp. (208k pdf)

Graiff, K., D. Roberts, D. Howard, P. Etnoyer, G. Cochrane, J. Hyland, and J. Roletto. 2011. A characterization of deep-sea coral and sponge communities on the continental slope west of Cordell Bank, Northern California using a remotely operated vehicle. Final report to NOAA Deep Sea Coral Research and Technology Program. 21pp. 

Etherington, L., P. van der Leeden. K. Graiff, D. Roberts, and B. Nickel. 2011. Summary of deep sea coral patterns and habitat modeling results from Cordell Bank, CA. Report to NOAA Deep Sea Coral Research and Technology Program. 24pp.

2014 CBNMS Science Summary
2015 CBNMS Science Summary
2016 CBNMS Science Summary


 

Books


Schmieder, R.W. 1991. Ecology of an Underwater Island. Cordell Expeditions. Walnut Creek, CA, 98 pp.